Sociology work and employment
Posted: November 18, 2022
Location: USA, Alaska
“The Great Transformation of Work” from the book Labor, Economy, and Society by Jeffery Sallaz shows a new view on work and its place in society. According to Jeffery Sallaz, “The purpose of this chapter is not to provide a comprehensive history of this transformation. Rather, it is to lay the foundation for an economic-sociological critique of the assumption, dominant in the world today, that work is synonymous with the market exchange for labor. To do so, we reconstruct a debate among four theoretical traditions (the Smithian, Marxist, sociological, and Polanyian) concerning three key aspects of the great transformation (its origins, consequences, and future)” (p.17). In this essay, written by the https://topthesis.com/review-paper-writing-service.html this debate will be reconstructed by describing how each of these theoretical traditions is connected with the origins, consequences, and future of the Great Transformation. In answering this question, it is necessary to consider Sallaz’s definition of work and the following questions will be answered:
How do different theories conceive of human nature?
How do different traditions build on, are in dialogue with, or contradict one another?
How do different theories see the role of the state?
What type of future do they see for humanity?
What are the consequences of the commodification of labor according to the theories?
Transformation of the work started from industrialization when the shift from farming to big factory manufacture took place. Industrialization aimed to enlarge the volumes of produced goods. The main method was to create more industrialized manufactures and reduce the handicraft methods of producing goods. Another method was mechanization, which meant that machinery was used rather than hand labor. The division of labor was the third element of the theory of successful transformation of work. It meant that tasks were
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